The latest statistics show about 2.4 million Canadians suffer from chronic kidneys failure, and nearly 95 per cent have never been told by a health care professional that they have kidney disease or dysfunction. “One of the issues that we see is that people are just not diagnosed quickly enough in terms of knowing that they are at risk for kidney disease,” Terry Young, president of the Ontario branch of the Kidney Foundation of Canada, told CTV News.
He said one in 10 Canadians have kidney disease and millions more are at risk, adding that kidney failure is “one of the big health challenges” Canada is facing.
Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below your rib cage, one on each side of your spine. Every day, two kidneys filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine. Urine flows from your kidneys to your bladder through tubes called ureters. Your bladder stores urine until releasing it through urination.
There are three kidney functions.
- removing waste products from the body, keeping toxins from building up in the bloodstream
- producing hormones that control other body functions, such as regulating blood pressure and producing red blood cells
- regulating the levels of minerals or electrolytes (e.g., sodium, calcium, and potassium) and fluid in the body
Signs of kidney failure
Kidney disease usually progresses silently, often destroying most of the kidney function before causing any symptoms. Therefore, people at risk of developing kidney failure should be evaluated regularly by urine and blood test.
Cause of Kidney Failure
The most common causes of chronic renal failure in North America are diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2 diabetes) and high blood pressure.
Treatment of Kidney Failure
When kidneys can’t function at all, kidney dialysis or a transplant is the only way to remove the body’s waste products.
In American, there are 122,000 people waiting for kidney transplanted. Most of them cannot wait till death. There are at least 22 people dying due to kidney failure every day. There are 15,000 people got kidney transplanted from those dying or accidental people. There are 5,000 people got their kidney transplanted from living people who donate their kidney. Protecting you kidney is essential to your health life.
Kidney dialysis uses a special machine to filter harmful wastes, salt, and excess fluid from your blood. it restores the blood to a normal, balanced state.
You cannot live without at least one functioning kidney. Dialysis is the only way to replace your kidney function currently. Without a kidney transplant, you will need dialysis for the rest of your life. Maintaining and protecting your kidneys is most important for your healthy life.
There are ways to protect your kidney.
1 Eat healthier foods. high in sodium and phosphorus additives can have negative effects to your kidneys. Eating more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legume, low GI foods.
2 Limiting salt and caffeine. Limiting salt and caffeine intake is especially important if you have high blood pressure, which is the second leading cause of kidney disease and also increases your risk for heart attack and stroke.
3 Set aside time to relax. Find something you feel relax. Taking vacation, window shopping etc.
4 Exercise regularly. When you exercise, your body releases endorphins – chemicals that have been shown to boost mood and reduce feelings of pain. Regular exercise can also help lower high blood pressure and even small amounts of physical activity have been proven to lower stress levels.
5 Maintain a positive attitude and outlook. How you think impacts how you feel, so maintaining a positive outlook and reducing stress can play an important role in staying healthy.
6 Get plenty of sleep
7 Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis. Common drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney failure if taken regularly.
8 Do not smoke. Smoking slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. When less blood reaches the kidneys, it impairs their ability to function properly. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50 percent.
9 Drink 1.5 to 2 litres (3 to 4 pints) of water per day. According to researchers in Australia and Canada, drinking plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease.
10 Monitor blood pressure and blood glucose if you are diabetes. Although many people may be aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack, few know that it is also the most common cause of kidney damage.
11 Limit alcohol intake.
12 Lose weight if you are overweight.
B vitamins, especially vitamin B12, are important for proper kidney function because they help keep dangerous homocysteine levels from building up in the blood. Homocysteine damages blood vessels and is associated with many diseases of aging, including chronic renal failure.
For optimum kidney health and overall good health, I recommend taking a high-quality vitamin B complex that contains at least the following dosages: : 50 mg each of thiamine, riboflavin (B2), niacin/niacinamide, B6, and pantothenic acid, plus 400 micrograms of folic acid/folate, 12 mcg of B12, and 100 mcg of biotin.
Note: do NOT take B complex only supplements because balanced nutrition is the key. Taking only one supplement may cause other nutrition shortage, causing in-balanced in your body system.
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ReferenceNational kidney foundation. http://www.kidney.org/content/stressed-10-ways-protect-your-kidneys. The World Kidney Day. http://www.worldkidneyday.org/faqs/take-care-of-your-kidneys/8-golden-rules National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/Diabetes/prevent-diabetes-problems/Pages/keep-your-kidneys-healthy.aspx Kidney foundation of Canada. http://www.kidney.ca/warning-signs  http://www.ctvnews.ca/health/2-2m-canadians-unaware-they-re-suffering-kidney-damage-kidney-foundation-1.1728212. http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=2049&disease_id=258&relation_id=37908 http://www.drmicozzi.com/the-deadly-disease-often-ignored-by-modern-medicine