Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder. It is associated with too much glucose in the blood. Naturally, as we digest foods, our body will maintain sugar balance in the blood by releasing insulin, a polypeptide hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. The hormone will turn on cells to store sugar inside. As you constantly eat high GI diets, insulin released always pop up from the pancreas to lower spike sugar level in the blood. Besides, oxidation stress or aging occur on cells and pancreas. Therefore, insulin resistance starts to build up on cells. More insulin is required to low your blood sugar but your body pancreas cannot produce extra insulin to regulate. As a result, nerve, blood vessels and organs will damage due to too much sugar in the blood. Lots of people with diabetes are not aware of till symptom, such as sugar in urine, extreme fatigue, blurry vision, tingling or numbness in the hands/feet etc. happen in some days.
Diabetes Statistic Fact
The total population with diabetes in Canada is estimated to be 2.7 million people (7.6%) in 2010, and is projected to rise to 4.2 million people (10.8%) by 2020. While the number of Canadians diagnosed with diabetes is already high, an additional almost one million are estimated to have the disease but do not know it. Currently, one in four Canadians lives with diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, or prediabetes; this will rise to one in three by 2020 if current trends continue.
Impact of Diabetes:
- Diabetes complications are associated with premature death. It is estimated that one of ten deaths in Canadian adults was attributable to diabetes in 2008/09.
- People with diabetes are over three times more likely to be hospitalized with cardiovascular disease, 12 times more likely to be hospitalized with end-stage renal disease and over 20 times more likely to be hospitalized for a non-traumatic lower limb amputation compared to the general population.
- Thirty per cent of people with diabetes have clinically relevant depressive symptoms; individuals with depression have an approximately 60% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Foot ulceration affects an estimated 15-25% of people with diabetes. One-third of amputations in 2011- 2012 were performed on people reporting a diabetic foot wound.
- Some populations are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes, such as those of South Asian, Asian, African, Hispanic or Aboriginal descent, those who are overweight, older or have low income. Diabetes rates are 3-5 times higher in First Nations, a situation compounded by barriers to care for Aboriginal people.
- Fifty-seven percent of Canadians with diabetes reported they cannot adhere to prescribed treatment due to the high out-of-pocket cost of needed medications, devices and supplies. The average cost for these supports is >3% of income or >$1,500.
- As a result of stigma or fear of stigma, 37% of Canadians with type 2 diabetes surveyed by the Canadian Diabetes Association reported they do not feel comfortable disclosing their diabetes.
Cause of Diabetes
Obesity is a leading cause of insulin resistance – at least 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
Over 60 % of Canadian adults are overweight or obese. Close to one third(31.5%) of children and adolescents are overweight or obese..
Preventing Diabetes 
Type 2 diabetes can be reduced by healthy lifestyle choices. Factors to consider include:
Weight Loss – The Body Mass Index(BMI) is a simple, widely accepted way of assessing body weight in relation to health for most people aged 20 to 65. BMI is calculated by dividing the individual’s body weight by the square of their height (Kg/m2).
Eating Healthy – By eating foods that are rich in fibre, reducing the amount of fat in food selections and adding more fruits and vegetables, a person can help control their diet and maintain or lose weight.Body fat stored around the abdomen (rather than the hips and thighs) is also a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes.
Regular Exercise – it is a key element in controlling weight and reducing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.
Managing High Blood Pressure, Cholesterol and Glucose – Diabetes and high blood pressure are often found together. Up to three-quarters of people with undiagnosed diabetes have high blood pressure.
Treat Diabetes Naturally
Clinical research studies show that a low-fat, plant-based diet improves insulin sensitivity, helps with weight loss and reduces blood sugar and cholesterol. The Physicians Committee recommends five easy steps to end diabetes:
- Avoid animal products, daily products.
- Avoid added vegetable oils.
- Low glycemic index foods.
- Go high fiber.
- Focus on four food groups: grains, legumes, fruits and vegetable.
Supplement with Vitamins and Minerals
Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Linus Pauling declared:”Nearly all disease can be traced to a nutritional deficiency”. A balanced and high quality supplements are also important to our daily body cell metabolism and antioxidants to avoid oxidation stress from our environments. Aging is one of symptom happening on very one of us. How beautiful you were when you were young. Now, A few wrinkles appear on your face. I believe everyone can live over 90 years old. Therefore, Protecting your body and avoiding from chronic illness are your responsibility to achieve your healthy life. Without health, it is all nothing to fulfill your passion and dream.
No one is perfect to pick foods with all essential nutritional value every day. We are human with emotion and feeling not a robot, so adding vitamins and minerals to your daily diet can help provide your body with the proper nutrients that you may not be getting from your food. You make sure to find the best high quality product.
Alpha Lipoic Acid(ALA): the antioxidant can smash insulin resistance and autoimmune disease. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has many functions, but it’s one of the most effective free radical scavengers, and the only one known to easily get into your brain. It also has the ability to regenerate other antioxidants such as vitamins C, E, and glutathione. So, when your body has used up these antioxidants, if there’s ALA around, it helps regenerate them.
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Reference: Estimated diabetes statistics in Canada are generated by the Canadian Diabetes Cost Model.  Public Health Agency of Canada. (2011). Diabetes in Canada: Facts and figures from a public health perspective. Ottawa, Ont.: Public Health Agency of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/publications/diabetes-diabete/facts-figures-faits-chiffres-2011/index-eng.php  Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee. (2013). Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada. Can J Diabetes, 37 (suppl 1).  Canadian Institute for Health Information. (2013). Compromised wounds in Canada. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Institute for Health Information. Retrieved from https://secure.cihi.ca/free_products/AiB_Compromised_Wounds_EN.pdf  Canadian Diabetes Association. (2011). The burden of out-of-pocket costs for Canadians with diabetes. Toronto, Ont.: Canadian Diabetes Association. Available at http://www.diabetes.ca/CDA/media/documents/publications-and-newsletters/advocacy-reports/burden-of-out-of-pocket-costs-for-canadians-with-diabetes.pdf  Canadian Diabetes Association. (March 2011). Diabetes: Canada at the tipping point. The public perspective: a national survey. Available at http://www.diabetes.ca/CDA/media/documents/publications-and-newsletters/advocacy-reports/environics-opinion-poll-report-english.pdf  Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/diabetes-diabete/index-eng.php  Alpha-lipoic acid: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential in diabetes Rochette L, Ghibu S, Muresan A, Vergely C. Can Journal Physiol Pharmacol 2015 Dec.  Nutrition Review 2008 Nov Alpha-lipoic acid supplementation and diabetes.  http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/05/16/this-antioxidant-can-smash-insulin-resistance-and-autoimmune-disease.aspx  Statistics Canada.(2012). Body composition of Canadian adults, 2009-2011. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2012001/article/11708-eng.htm  Statistics Canada. (2012). Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: results from the 2009 to 2011. Canadian Health Measures Survey. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2012003/article/11706-eng.htm  http://www.pcrm.org/health/diets/eat-plants-end-diabetes. Dr. Neal Barnard’s Program for Reversing Diabetes.